Manuscript Preparation and Submission

Initial Submissions

General. Manuscripts can be submitted as Word or PDF files (LaTex files should be converted to PDFs), be in 1-column format, double-spaced and printable on a standard 8.5 by 11 inch paper. No specific length or limit is imposed, however they should be written clearly and concisely. Consistency of spelling must be maintained throughout. Authors are urged to have one or more colleagues read the manuscript critically prior to submission.

Author Anonymity. Submissions undergo double blind peer review by two or more reviewers who determine the manuscript's suitability for publication. Authors must remove the identifiers from ALL documents/PDFs before uploading. Click the "Help" button at the top right of ScholarOne and click "Author" for further help.

Files to Upload. Submit blinded files in Word or PDF format using the appropriate file designations:

  • Full Manuscript (Mandatory): Includes title, abstract, text, references, tables, figures, but NOT author information, acknowledgements or other identifiers.
  • Cover Page (Preferred): Includes title, author contact information and acknowledgements (if any).
  • Supporting Information (Optional): Material used for peer review and which may be published under the "Supporting Information" tab alongside the article on Wiley Online Library. Includes large appendices, extensive data sets and video files.

Cover Letter. Enter a cover letter into the text box provided for this purpose rather than uploading it as a file. State clearly why the material submitted would be of interest to the readers of the CJAE and that the material contained in the manuscript does not infringe upon other copyright material. When the applicability of any of these points is unclear, explain fully.

Abstract. Provide a non-mathematical abstract that expresses precisely the most important information in the paper. Ensure it is intelligible in itself without reference to the paper. Include the rationale for the study, the objectives, methods, new theories and terminology and a conclusion. Do not include tables, figures or references, or any information not carried in the text of the paper, or author information. Avoid acronyms, if possible. Submit the abstract in both English and French if possible.

It is essential that your abstract be a well-written and concise summary of your methods, results and implication. Please keep in mind that the abstract is included in the invitations we send to potential reviewers. A poorly written or unclear abstract will make it harder to find reviewers who agree to read your manuscript, and will leave editors, reviewers, and other readers with a less favorable initial impression of your work.

Key Words. Key words may be inlcuded below the abstract. They may be chosen from the title, abstract and body of the paper, and should reflect its central topics.

Acknowledgement. Include any acknowledgements on the cover page.

Introduction. The introduction should state clearly the rationale for conducting the research, stating the problem, justifying the research and the findings of earlier research, and the objectives of the study. Appropriate headings may define the sections that follow.

References. Information for a reference should be taken from the original work being cited. They must supply sufficient information to allow readers to trace the original material. Reference may be made to journal papers, books, theses, dissertations, proceedings, bulletins, reports and published abstracts as well as to unpublished documents held in a library or archive to which the public has access. Ensure that references are complete and accurate. Do not cite references in the abstract or in the conclusion.

Footnotes. Footnotes are for informative material only.

Tables. Use tables to present numerical data in a self-explanatory manner. Ensure they are intelligible without consulting the text and do not duplicate data already given in the text or the illustrations.

Illustrations. Include illustrations as figures.

Supporting Information. Authors are expected to provide complete documentation of empirical models, estimation techniques and data sets used in the manuscript. Data sets should be made available to other researchers for replication purposes only. In cases where empirical modeling or data sets are too voluminous to fit reasonably in an article, this material can be published under the “Supporting Information” tab alongside the article. If, for whatever reason, data cannot be made available this should be noted in the covering letter on first submission. Other supporting information includes large appendices, video files, etc.

Accepted Submissions

Authors of manuscripts that have been accepted for publication must finalize submissions according to the requirements below.

File Format. Except for figures files (which can PDF or Word), final files of accepted papers must be provided in either Word or LaTex (if LaTex there must be a PDF version as a reference). Tables and equations must be editable rather than dropped in the main text as a picture. Tables and illustrations (figures) must follow strict guidelines outlined below.

Cover Page. Upload a separate cover page that includes the names, affiliations, mailing addresses, telephone numbers and email addresses of all co-authors, along with an acknowledgment (if any) and the title of the manuscript. The cover page should be uploaded using the file designation "Cover Page with Title, Author Info and Acknowledgements." Footnotes may be included and will generally fall into one of the following categories:

  • Notes on the title indicating the paper is part of a thesis submitted by one of the authors, that the paper was presented at a conference, workshop, etc.
  • General disclaimer if the use of trade is used.
  • Indication that an author is deceased.

Title. The title should be as short as possible but should reflect all aspects of the work published. Generally, titles should be indicative rather than informative, i.e., they should state the subject of the paper rather than its conclusions but should identify the main topics of the paper.

Running Head. The running head appears at the top centre of every right-hand page of a journal article. It should not exceed 60 characters (excluding word spaces), and should be an abbreviation of the paper title that will give an accurate description of the main topic of the paper. The main title of the paper may be used in full as the running head if it is not too long.

Sections. Do not number sections. Generally three levels of text heading are used:

  • Bold Upper and Lower Case, Flush Left
  • Italic Upper and Lower Case, Flush Left

References. When citing references in the text please use the following system:

  • Single author: ...Veeman (2003).
    ...determines consumer choice (Veeman 2003).
  • Two authors: ...Larue and Bonroy (2009). retail regulations (Larue and Bonry 2009).
  • Three or more authors: ...Malla et al (2007).
    the health properties of food (Malla et al 2007).

References should be listed double-spaced on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. A series of references with the same first author should be listed with the single author first, followed by two authors arranged alphabetically, and then multiple authors arranged alphabetically (et al. in text). Include only the works cited. Note that the following information is required:

  • full names (as printed) of all authors
  • title
  • full publication details (for books, list place of publication, publisher, edition and date of publication; for articles, list volume, issue, year and page numbers)

The following examples illustrate the required style for references:

Gervais, J.-P., K. Guillemette and R. Romain. 2007. Output and price determination in the Canadian chicken industry: Which should come first? Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 55 (2): 255-273. Journal Article
Ghazalian, P., B. Larue and G. West. 2008. Best Management Practices to Enhance Water Quality: Who is Adopting Them and How Do They Impact on Cost of Production? Paper presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society and Northeast Agricultural and Resource Economics Association annual meeting, Quebec City, June 29� July 1. Presented Paper
Foster, A.B. and C.T. Wong. 1998. The farmer decision process in purchasing corn herbicides. Research Bulletin AEEE/28/1, Guelph: University of Guelph, School of Agricultural Economics and Extension Education, June. Bulletin
Kerr, W.A. and J.E. Hobbs. 2005. Consumers, cows and carousels: Why the dispute over beef hormones is far more important than its commercial value. In The WTO and the Regulation of International Trade edited by N. Perdikis and R. Read, pp. 191-214. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Chapter in Book
Linders, G.M. and H. L. F. deGroot. 2006. Estimation of the gravity equation in the presence of zero trade flow. Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 2006-072/3. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute. Discussion Paper
Pearson, M. 2006. Canadian Beef Export Federation. Personal e-mail communication, January. Personal Communication
Schmitz, A., H. Furtan and K. Baylis. 2002. Agricultural Policy, Agribusiness, and Rent-Seeking Behaviour. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. Book
Statistics Canada. 2006. 2006 Census of Agriculture, Farm data and farm operator data tables. (accessed October 6, 2009). Online Citation
Vyn, R. 2007. The Effects of Strict Agricultural Zoning on Farmland Values: The Case of Ontario's Greenbelt. Ph.D. dissertation. Guelph: University of Guelph. PhD Dissertation
Wheaton, E., S. Kulshreshtha and V. Wittrock. 2005. Canadian Droughts of 2001 and 2002: Climatology, Impacts and Adaptations. SRC Publication No. 11602-1E03. Saskatoon: Saskatchewan Research Council. Government Publication
Wong, L. 2009. Linking Matlab and GAMS: A Supplement. Working paper #2009-03, Resource Economics & Policy Analysis Research Group, Department of Economics, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC. Working Paper

Footnotes. Number and superscript footnotes consecutively and place them at the bottom of the page on which the number of the footnote appears in the text.

Tables. Tables should be editable; use the table feature of your word processing program. Tables formed by tabbing on single lines of text and images of tables dropped in the text are not acceptable. Include tables on separate pages after the reference list. Identify each table with a numbered heading (e.g., Table 1. Growth in agricultural productivity in Canada, 1951-81). Do not bold the table heading or put a period at the end of the heading. Decimal align values and use superior letters (not numbers). Notes go below the table starting with the letter "a". Include a note if it is for an item that cannot be referenced in the table by itself. Include the source if relevant.

Sample of required table formatting

Equations. Equations are to be made with your word processing equation editor. Number the equations starting at 1. Subsequently the particular equation and number e.g. Equation (1) should be used to reference it in the text.


Illustrations. Illustrations should be submitted as figures. They should be in their original form in a separate file (Word or PDF), using one page for each figure. Use the file designation "Figures" when uploading to ScholarOne.

Figures should generally be no more than twice the final size and should be planned to fit to no more than a width of about 4½ in. (115 mm). Print your illustration on a black and white printer using this width to determine how well it reproduces. Lettering should be at least 1.5 mm high when reduced. Labelling on graphs should be parallel to the graph's axes. Use the same font for all figures. Abbreviations, units, etc. should follow journal style. All lines should be sufficiently thick to reduce well.

When using patterns, be aware that when an illustration is reduced the pattern might be lost. Use clear, bold patterns and avoid the use of fine grey scale patterns. Photographs should be high quality, continuous tone with good tonal contrast.

Line figures need to be at least 600 dpi and images need to be in at least 300 dpi to maintain quality after reduction. Illustrations need to be in electronic media as a separate file. The file name should include the senior author's name and the figure number. Figures need to be supplied in either Word, TIFF, PDF or EPS. JPEG and GIF are not as high quality for print. If creating figures in PowerPoint, for example, save as TIFF or in Word. Please refer to Wiley-Blackwell guidelines before submission.